Bibliografia Clorexidina


    • Miller WH, Griffin CE, Campbell KL. Dermatologic Therapy. In: Muller & Kirk’s Small Animal Dermatology. 7th ed. St.Louis: Elsevier, 2013; 108– 183.
    • Beco L, Guaguère E, Lorente Méndez C et al. Suggested guidelines for using systemic antimicrobials in bacterial skin infections: part 2 – antimicrobial choice, treatment regimens and compliance. Vet Rec 2013; 19:72-78.
    • Hillier A, Lloyd DH, Scott Weese J et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and antimicrobial therapy of canine superficial bacterial folliculitis (Antimicrobial Guidelines Working Group of the International Society for Companion Animal infectious Diseases). Vet Dermatol 2014; 25: 163–175.
    • Guardabassi L, Fondati A. Uso prudente e razionale degli antibiotic nel trattamento delle piodermiti nel cane e nel gatto (Cautious and rational use of antibiotics in the treatment of canine and feline pyoderma). Veterinaria 2009; 23: 11–22.
    • Young R, Buckley L, McEwan N et al. Comparative in vitro efficacy of antimicrobial shampoos: a pilot study. Vet Dermatol 2012; 23: 36 –40.
    • Nagata M, Murayama N, Shibata K. Efficacy of Nolvasan surgical scrub containing 2% chlorexidine acetate in topical management of canine superficial pyoderma: a randomized double-blinded, controlled study. Jpn J Vet Dermatol 2006; 12: 1–6.
    • Murayama N, Nagata M, Terada Y et al. Efficacy of a surgical scrub including 2% chlorexidine acetate for canine superficial pyoderma. Vet Dermatol 2010; 21: 586–592.
    • Murayama N, Nagata M, Terada Y et al. Comparison of two formulations of chlorhexidine for treating canine superficial pyoderma. Vet Rec 2010; 167: 532–533.
    • Lloyd DH, Lamport AI. Activity of chlorhexidine shampoos in vitro against Staphylococcus intermedius, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Malassezia pachydermatis. Vet Rec 1999; 144: 536–537
    • Odore R, Colombatti VV, Re G. Efficacy of chlorhexidine against some strains of cultured and clinically isolated microrganisms. Vet Res Commun 2000; 24: 229–238.
    • Valentine BK, Dew W, Yu A et al. In vitro evaluation of topical biocide and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius from dogs. Vet Dermatol 2012; 23: 493–498.
    • Viaud S, Maynard L, Sanquer A. Comparison of two shampoos as sole treatment for canine bacterial overgrowth syndrome. Vet Rec 2012; 170: 675–680.
    • Mueller RS, Bergvall K, Bensignor E et al. A review of topical therapy for skin infections with bacteria and yeasts. Vet Dermatol 2012; 23:330–341
    • Guardabassi L, Houser GA, Frank LA et al. Guidelines for antimicrobial use in dogs and cats. In: Guardabassi L, Jensen LB, Kruse H, eds. Guide to Antimicrobial Use in Animals. Oxford: Blackwell  Publishing, 2008; 183–206.
    • Guardabassi L, Kruse H. Principles for prudent and rational antimicrobial use. In: Guardabassi L, Jensen LB, Kruse H, eds. Guide to Antimicrobial Use in Animals. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2008; 1– 12.
    • Clark SM, Loeffler A, Schmidt VM, Chang YM, Wilson A, Timofte D, Bond R. Interaction of chlorhexidine with trisEDTA or miconazole in vitro against canine meticillin-resistant and -susceptible Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates from two UK regions. Vet Dermatol. 2016 Oct;27(5):340-e84. doi: 10.1111/vde.12357. Epub 2016 Jul 13. PMID: 27406860.
    • Evans LK, Knowles TG, Werrett G, Holt PE. The efficacy of chlorhexidine gluconate in canine skin preparation – practice survey and clinical trials. J Small Anim Pract. 2009 Sep;50(9):458-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2009.00773.x. PMID: 19769666.
    • Borio S, Colombo S, La Rosa G, De Lucia M, Damborg P, Guardabassi L. Effectiveness of a combined (4% chlorhexidine digluconate shampoo and solution) protocol in MRS and non-MRS canine superficial pyoderma: a randomized, blinded, antibiotic-controlled study. Vet Dermatol. 2015 Oct;26(5):339-44, e72. doi: 10.1111/vde.12233. Epub 2015 Jul 3. PMID: 26140535.
    • Ghibaudo G, Santospirito D, Sala A, Flisi S, Taddei S, Cavirani S, Cabassi CS. In vitro antimicrobial activity of a gel containing antimicrobial peptide AMP2041, chlorhexidine digluconate and Tris-EDTA on clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from canine otitis. Vet Dermatol. 2016 Oct;27(5):391-e98. doi: 10.1111/vde.12371. Epub 2016 Aug 21. PMID: 27545352.
    • Cavana P, Peano A, Petit JY, Tizzani P, Perrot S, Bensignor E, Guillot J. A pilot study of the efficacy of wipes containing chlorhexidine 0.3%, climbazole 0.5% and Tris-EDTA to reduce Malassezia pachydermatis populations on canine skin. Vet Dermatol. 2015 Aug;26(4):278-e61. doi: 10.1111/vde.12220. Epub 2015 Jun 16. PMID: 26083147; PMCID: PMC4660877.
    • Belo L, Serrano I, Cunha E, Carneiro C, Tavares L, Miguel Carreira L, Oliveira M. Skin asepsis protocols as a preventive measure of surgical site infections in dogs: chlorhexidine-alcohol versus povidone-iodine. BMC Vet Res. 2018 Mar 14;14(1):95. doi: 10.1186/s12917-018-1368-5. PMID: 29540169; PMCID: PMC5852956.
    • Guardabassi L, Ghibaudo G, Damborg P. In vitro antimicrobial activity of a commercial ear antiseptic containing chlorhexidine and Tris-EDTA. Vet Dermatol. 2010 Jun;21(3):282-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3164.2009.00812.x. Epub 2009 Dec 21. PMID: 20030799.
    • Melekwe GO, Uwagie-Ero EA, Zoaka HA, Odigie EA. Comparative clinical effectiveness of preoperative skin antiseptic preparations of chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone iodine for preventing surgical site infections in dogs. Int J Vet Sci Med. 2018 Mar 21;6(1):113-116. doi: 10.1016/j.ijvsm.2018.03.005. PMID: 30255087; PMCID: PMC6149254.
    • Mueller RS, Bergvall K, Bensignor E, Bond R. A review of topical therapy for skin infections with bacteria and yeast. Vet Dermatol. 2012 Aug;23(4):330-41, e62. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3164.2012.01057.x. Epub 2012 Jun 25. PMID: 22731400.
    • Merchant S, Neer T, Tedford B, et al. Ototoxicity assessment of a topical chlorhexidene otic preparation in dogs. Progress in Veterinary Neurology 1995; 4:72-75.



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